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The importance of alpha/beta (α/β) interferon receptors and signaling pathways for the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias

  • L. Montes1
  • C.M.R. Andrade1
  • M.A. Michelin1,2
  • E.F.C. Murta1,3,*,

1Oncology Research Institute, IPON, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, MG

2Discipline of Immunology, Oncology Research Institute (IPON), Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, MG

3Discipline of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Oncology Research Institute (IPON), Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, MG (Brazil)

DOI: 10.12892/ejgo24612014 Vol.35,Issue 4,July 2014 pp.368-372

Published: 10 July 2014

*Corresponding Author(s): E.F.C. Murta E-mail: eddiemurta@mednet.com.br

Abstract

Introduction: Immunotherapies have been effective in treating various forms of cancer, including cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CINs) predominantly caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). Development: To establish persistent infections in stratified epithelia, HPV induces proliferative lesions. Viral gene products are able to change gene expression and cellular proteins. Interferons (IFNs) are inducible glycoproteins that have immunomodulatory, antiviral, antiproliferative, and antiangiogenic effects. In particular, interferon-alpha (IFN-α) has been shown to inhibit the development and progression of cervical cancer. In this review, actions of interferons α/beta (α/β), including their receptors and signaling pathways, are described, as well as their clinical importance in the immune response against cervical lesions. Conclusion: The interaction of IFN-α/β with its receptor results in a series of phosphorylation events. These mechanisms can be ineffective in IFN response, then it can also compromise the therapeutic effects of immunotherapy.

Keywords

Type I Interferons; Interferon receptors; Cervical neoplasia.

Cite and Share

L. Montes,C.M.R. Andrade,M.A. Michelin,E.F.C. Murta. The importance of alpha/beta (α/β) interferon receptors and signaling pathways for the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2014. 35(4);368-372.

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