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Schwannomas of female genitalia from a gynaecologist’s perspective: report of two cases and review of the literature

  • S. Jiang1,2,3
  • Q.S. Li1,2,3
  • X.G. Sheng1,2,3,*,
  • Q.Q. Song1,3
  • C.H. Lu1,2,3
  • C.X. Pan1,3

1Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan City, China

2Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Shandong Academy of Medical Science, Jinan City, China

3Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Shandong Province, Jinan City, China

DOI: 10.12892/ejgo2805.2016 Vol.37,Issue 2,April 2016 pp.254-257

Published: 10 April 2016

*Corresponding Author(s): X.G. Sheng E-mail:


Background: Pelvic schwannomas are extremely rare. However, when located in the pelvic cavity, schwannomas are often encountered by a gynaecologist, not a general surgeon, and are misdiagnosed as gynaecologic masses. Case Report: Here, the authors present two cases of pelvic schwannomas that were preoperatively misdiagnosed as broad ligament fibroid. One schwannoma occurred completely in the left broad ligament and was resected by laparoscopy without any complications. The other lesion was located in the retroperitoneum and had densely adhered to the surrounding tissues; this lesion was excised by laparotomy with considerable blood loss. Conclusions: Schwannomas of female genitalia are very scarce and difficulty to diagnose preoperatively. Literature review revealed 63 schwannomas arising from the female genital tract in total, 73.02% (46 cases) were located in the lower genital tract, and 26.98% (17 cases) were located in upper genital tract. The treatment modality is unique depending on the location of the tumor. Complete excision is benefical for diagnosis and treatment. The procedure can be performed safely under laparoscopy.


Neurilemmoma; Laparoscopy; Pelvic neoplasms; Genital neoplasms; Female.

Cite and Share

S. Jiang,Q.S. Li,X.G. Sheng,Q.Q. Song,C.H. Lu,C.X. Pan. Schwannomas of female genitalia from a gynaecologist’s perspective: report of two cases and review of the literature. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2016. 37(2);254-257.


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