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Original Research

Open Access

The knowledge of risk factors and prevention of breast cancer in Polish women

  • K. Chmaj-Wierzchowska1,*,
  • M.U. Jurczyk1
  • B. Czech-Szczapa2
  • M. Wilczak3

1Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

2Preventive Medicine Department, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

3Department of Medical Education, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland

DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3566.2017 Vol.38,Issue 3,June 2017 pp.387-390

Published: 10 June 2017

*Corresponding Author(s): K. Chmaj-Wierzchowska E-mail:


Purpose: Currently, breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies among women and it constitutes a significant medical, economic, and social problem. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a group of 600 healthy women (aged 18 to 88 years) between September 2011 and February 2015 living in the region of Wielkopolska (Poland) in a private gynecological practice. A survey questionnaire designed specifically for purposes of the study was a tool used to conduct the study. Results: With regards to risk factors for breast cancer: 93% - familial history of breast cancer, 46% - use of hormone treatment, and 40.16% - taking contraceptive pills. Conclusions: A significant component of breast cancer prevention should be providing information regarding prevention tests and increasing accessibility to medical services.


isk factors; Prevention; Breast cancer; Predisposing factors; Familial history; Hormone treatment; Contraceptive pills.

Cite and Share

K. Chmaj-Wierzchowska,M.U. Jurczyk,B. Czech-Szczapa,M. Wilczak. The knowledge of risk factors and prevention of breast cancer in Polish women. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2017. 38(3);387-390.


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