Article Data

  • Views 397
  • Dowloads 142

Original Research

Open Access

HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge among HPV-vaccinated women in North-eastern Romania

  • M. Grigore1,*,
  • M. Matei2
  • A. Pristavu1
  • S.I. Teleman3

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T.Popa”, Iasi , Romania

2Department of Epidemiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T.Popa”, Iasi, Romania

3Department of Pathology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T.Popa”, Iasi, Romania

DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3773.2018 Vol.39,Issue 3,June 2018 pp.395-398

Published: 10 June 2018

*Corresponding Author(s): M. Grigore E-mail: Mihaela.grigore@edr.ro

Abstract

Purpose of the study: Romania is one of the few countries where not only female children but also young women are vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) (“catch-up” vaccination). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards HPV, HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young women who were part of the HPV catch up vaccination program. Materials and Methods: The authors recruited women over 16 years of age to be immunized with the HPV vaccine. They were offered a free catchup vaccination by the Romanian government in 2010-2011. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Through this survey, the participants offered their knowledge and opinions regarding HPV, the connection between HPV and cervical cancer, and the HPV vaccination. Results: Among the participants (n = 120), knowledge of HPV, HPV vaccine, and cervical screening was good. Most respondents were aware of the causal relationship between HPV and cervical cancer (83.3%), the sexual transmission of HPV (81.6%), and its asymptomatic nature (68.3 %). The women with a high knowledge score were more likely to have attained a high educational level, to work in the healthcare system, and to consult more health information sources. A major role in deciding to get the vaccination was the physician (gynaecologist or general practitioner) who proposed the vaccination and explained the importance of being immunized with the HPV vaccine. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding HPV and its relation to cervical cancer is high among women protected by the HPV vaccine. They have a positive opinion about HPV vaccines, and they recommend vaccination to other relatives or friends.

Keywords

HPV; HPV vaccination; HPV knowledge; HPV catch-up vaccination.

Cite and Share

M. Grigore,M. Matei,A. Pristavu,S.I. Teleman. HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge among HPV-vaccinated women in North-eastern Romania. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2018. 39(3);395-398.

References

[1] Bosch F.X., Manos M.M., Muñoz N., Sherman M., Jansen A.M., Peto J., et al.: “Prevalence of human papillomavirus in cervical cancer: a worldwide perspective. International biological study on cervical cancer (IBSCC) Study Group”. J. Natl. Cancer Inst., 1995, 87, 796.

[2] Dorleans F., Giambi C., Dematte L., Cotter S., Stefanoff P., Mereckiene J., et al.: “The current state of introduction of human papilloma virus vaccination into national immunisation schedules in Europe: first results of the VENICE2 2010 survey”. Euro Surveill., 2010, 15, 19730.

[3] Ferlay J., Bray F., Pisani P., Parkin DM.: “GLOBOCAN 2002: Cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide”. IARC Cancer Base, 2004, 5, version 2.0. Lyon: IARC Press.

[4] Todorova I., Baban A., Alexandorva-Karamanova A., Bradley J.: “Inequalities in cervical cancer screening in Eastern Europe: perspectives from Bulgaria and Romania”. Int. J. Publ. Health, 2009, 54, 222.

[5] Craciun C., Băban A.: “Who will take the blame?”: understanding the reasons why Romanian mothers decline HPV vaccination for their daughters”. Vaccine, 2012, 30, 6789.

[6] Jain N., Euler G.L., Shefer A., Lu P., Yankey D., Markowitz L.: “Human papillomavirus (HPV) awareness and vaccination initiation among women in the United States, National Immunization Survey- Adult 2007”. Prev. Med., 2009, 48, 426.

[7] Nielsen A., Munk C., Liaw K.L., Kjaer S.K.: “Awareness of human papillomavirus in 23 000 Danish men from the general male population”. Eur. J. Cancer Prev., 2009, 18, 236.

[8] Maier C., Maier T., Neagu C.E., Vlădăreanu R.: “Romanian adolescents’ knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus infection and prophylactic vaccination”. Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol., 2015, 195, 77.

[9] Coles V.A., Patel A.S., Allen F.L., Keeping S.T., Carroll S.M.: “The association of human papillomavirus vaccination with sexual behaviours and human papillomavirus knowledge: a systematic review”. Int. J. STD AIDS, 2015, 6, 777.

[10] Penca M.A., Băban A.: “Mass media coverage of HPV vaccination in Romania: a content analysis”. Health Educ. Res., 2014, 29, 977.

[11] Gilbert D.T., Krull D.S., Mallone P.S.: “Unbelieving the unbelievable some problems in the rejection of false information”. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol.,1990, 59, 601.

[12] Payne J.G., Schulte S.K.: “Mass media, public health, and achieving health literacy”. J. Health Commun., 2003, 8, 124.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top