Comparison of survival outcomes following radiotherapy versus radical hysterectomy in patients with stage IIA cervical squamous cell carcinoma
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 510000 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
2Department of Gynecology, Jiangmen Central Hospital, 529030 Jiangmen, Guangdong, China
3Department of Gynecology, Liaoning Cancer Hospital, 110801 Shenyang, Liaoning, China
4Department of Gynecology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, 110001 Shenyang, Liaoning, China
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foshan Women and Children Hospital, 528099 Foshan, Guangdong, China
6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xijing Hospital of Airforce Medical University, 710032 Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
7Department of Gynecology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 266003 Qingdao, Shandong, China
8Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beijing Hospital, 100730 Beijing, China
9Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gansu Provincial Hospital, 730020 Lanzhou, Gansu, China
10Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, 511495 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, 100005 Beijing, China
DOI: 10.22514/ejgo.2023.021 Vol.44,Issue 2,April 2023 pp.42-49
Submitted: 16 June 2022 Accepted: 22 September 2022
Published: 15 April 2023
*Corresponding Author(s): Jinghe Lang E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
*Corresponding Author(s): Chunlin Chen E-mail: email@example.com
† These authors contributed equally.
This study explored the differences in survival outcomes of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients diagnosed with stage IIA who underwent radical hysterectomy (RH) versus radiotherapy (RT). Eligible stage IIA cervical SCC cases were screened from the C4 database. They were divided into RH and RT groups based on their treatments and in a 1:2 ratio utilizing propensity score matching (PSM). Their 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) before and after PSM were compared. Before PSM analysis, the results showed that patients from the RT group (n = 421) had significantly poorer 5-year OS and DFS rates compared with the RH group (n = 761) (OS: 77.2%vs. 85.6%, p < 0.001, HR = 1.789; DFS: 74.9% vs. 80.0%, p = 0.006, HR = 1.447). After stratification in a 1:2 ratio, PSM analysis results showed that the 5-year OS and DFS rates of stage IIA1 patients from the RT group (n = 226) were significantly poorer than the RH group (n = 429) (OS: 78.1% vs. 87.2%, p < 0.001, HR = 2.203; DFS: 78.2% vs. 83.7%, p = 0.011, HR = 1.681), while no significant difference in 5-year OS and DFS rates were observed between the RT (n = 173) and RH (n = 266) groups (OS: 75.2% vs. 83.8%, p = 0.054; DFS: 71.4% vs. 79.5%, p = 0.070) of stage IIA2 patients. RH was associated with better OS and DFS outcomes than RT in cervical SCC patients diagnosed with stage IIA disease. Subgroup analyses showed that RH had superior OS and DFS benefits than RT in stage IIA1 cases, while no significant difference in survival was observed for stage IIA2 patients.
Cervical cancer; Radical hysterectomy; Radiotherapy; Overall survival; Disease-free survival
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