Vulvar cancer in young woman—case report
1University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2University Clinical Center of Vojvodina, Clinic of Gynecology and obstetrics, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Submitted: 25 April 2023 Accepted: 29 May 2023
Online publish date: 07 September 2023
† These authors contributed equally.
Vulvar cancer is rare with incidence of 45,240 new cases globally which account for 4% of all genitourinary tract neoplasma. It is considered as a postmenopausal disease, however incidence age has decreased over the years because of high prevalence of persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection. Vulvar cancer diagnosis in young women is challenging. Prompt and adequate diagnosis, and treatment can ensure the life quality. A 23 years old patient was admitted to Department of Operative Gynecology for treating malignant vulvar neoplasma. She was reffered to our clinic for electrocauterization after being diagnosed of condylomata accuminata. Physical examination revealed vulva atrophy with smooth discolored skin patches on both sides. A 2 cm exophytic lesion was noted ~10 mm from clitoris on right labia majora. Multifocal biopsy was performed for suspect finding which proved invasive vulvar squamous keratinizing cancer. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) scan showed individual lymph nodes on right inguinofemoral region which were moderately metabolically active. Wide excision of cancer was performed with unilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. Macroscopic evaluation of entire specimen depicted 2.4 × 2.2 × 0.5 cm HPV associated invasive vulvar squamous keratinizing cancer, vulvar high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (vHSIL) or usual type vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (uVIN3) and lichen sclerosus. Healthcare professionals in primary care centers should be adequately trained, aware of and familiar with vulvar malignancies in younger women despite their rarity. Early diagnosis can improve outcomes in vulvar cancer via reducing morbidity and mortality. The individualized surgical treatment is the preferred strategy for patients at present.
Vulvar cancer; HPV infection; Young women; Lichen sclerosus
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