Tumor growth inhibition and tumor specific immunity enhancement in endometrial carcinoma by high intensity focused ultrasound
1Departments of Interventional, Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, 830011 Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
2Gynecologic Surgery Oncology Ward II, Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, 830011 Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China
DOI: 10.22514/ejgo.2023.085 Vol.44,Issue 5,October 2023 pp.110-115
Submitted: 12 June 2023 Accepted: 09 August 2023
Published: 15 October 2023
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is a type of epithelial malignancy prevalent in about 8% of the total malignancies in women. Development of new treatment methods is vital for improving the prognosis of endometrial cancer. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a safe method for oncological treatment with low complication rate. However, EC treatment by HIFU is rarely reported and its mechanism is unclear. Herein, the effects of HIFU on EC progression were detected. Data confirmed the inhibition of EC tumor growth in mice by HIFU. Moreover, HIFU inhibited the EC tumor apoptosis. It down-regulated the Treg cell production and enhanced the tumor-specific cytotoxicity. It restrained the Janus kinase/Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK/STAT3) pathway in vivo, and suppressed the EC progression. HIFU could thus be a promising treatment for EC.
Endometrial carcinoma (EC); High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU); Treg cell; Apoptosis; JAK/STAT3 pathway
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