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Original Research

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Breast cancer screening outcomes and risk assessment among women of Abha city, Saudi Arabia

  • Hayfa A. AlHefdhi1
  • Asma Saad Habbash1
  • Safar Abadi Al-Saleem1
  • Fatima Riaz1
  • Syed Esam Mahmood1,*,
  • Amal A. AlHefdhi2
  • Saad Abdullah Al Hatim3
  • Abdullah Ali Alqahtani3
  • Naif Shalan Alalyani3
  • Saeed Abdullah Alahmari3
  • Fahad Juwayid Alqahtani3
  • Rawan Hassan Alshehri3

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Saudi Arabia

2Family Medicine Specialist, Diabetic Centre, Ministry of Health, 62523 Abha, Saudi Arabia

3General Practitioner, Ministry of Health, 62523 Abha, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/ejgo.2024.001

Submitted: 02 October 2023 Accepted: 01 November 2023

Online publish date: 12 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Syed Esam Mahmood E-mail:


Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women and the leadingcause of death related to cancers. This study focuses on the screening of breast cancer for earlydetection of breast cancer and identification of risk factors for the development of breast cancer. This cross-sectional study was conducted among the female participants who were registered for the breast cancer screening program conducted by King Khalid University, Abha under the supervision of Family and Community Medicine, Department of College of Medicine. Convenience sampling was done and a total of 331 patients were selected for the study. The collected data were coded and entered into an Excel software (Microsoft Office Excel 2010) database. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 16 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Out of 331 individuals only 3 (0.9%) were diagnosed with breast cancer. Three cases ofinvasive ductal carcinoma were identified among individuals with breast cancer. While 4 (1.2%) individuals had benign findings, such as fibroadenoma, ductal ectasia, sclerosing adenosis, andtissue fibrosis. Past surgical history, past radiotherapy/chemotherapy, and maternal problemsduring pregnancy were significantly associated with varying levels of breast cancer risk. Breastcomplaints show a significant association with breast cancer indicating the need for furtherinvestigation. Findings from physical examinations, mammography reports, breast ultrasound, biopsy referrals, biopsy results, and management plans all show significant relationships withbreast cancer risk. Our study findings indicate the need for health education for the prevention of breastcancer risk factors and the implementation of regular screening programs for the early detectionof the disease in the community.


Breast cancer; Screening; Risk factors; Outcomes

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Hayfa A. AlHefdhi,Asma Saad Habbash,Safar Abadi Al-Saleem,Fatima Riaz,Syed Esam Mahmood,Amal A. AlHefdhi,Saad Abdullah Al Hatim,Abdullah Ali Alqahtani,Naif Shalan Alalyani,Saeed Abdullah Alahmari,Fahad Juwayid Alqahtani,Rawan Hassan Alshehri. Breast cancer screening outcomes and risk assessment among women of Abha city, Saudi Arabia. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2024.doi:10.22514/ejgo.2024.001.


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