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The endoscopic therapy of infant vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: a case report

  • Y.H. Wang1,2
  • J.M. Gong2,3
  • Q. Tian2,3
  • G. Shi1,2
  • J.Y. Ruan1,2,*,

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Renmin South Road,Chengdu

2Key Laboratory of Birth defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu

3Department of Operating Room, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Renmin South Road, Chengdu (China)

DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo.2020.01.4867 Vol.41,Issue 1,February 2020 pp.151-152

Published: 15 February 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): J.Y. Ruan E-mail:


A two-year-old girl was admitted because of vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) II. After five cycles of chemotherapy, the authors completely resected the tumor in the vagina by endoscopic surgery.


Vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma; Treatment; Infant.

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Y.H. Wang,J.M. Gong,Q. Tian,G. Shi,J.Y. Ruan. The endoscopic therapy of infant vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: a case report. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2020. 41(1);151-152.


[1] Raney RB, Anderson JR, Barr FG, Donaldson SS, Pappo AS, Qualman SJ, et al: Rhabdomyosarcoma and undifferentiated sarcoma in the first two decades of life: a selective review of intergroup rhabdomyosarcoma study group experience and rationale for Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study V. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol. 2001, 23, 215-220. Corresponding Author: JIAYING RUAN M.D. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University Renmin South Road Chengdu, 610041 (China) e-mail: Figure 5. — The tumor in the vagina is completely resected. Figure 2. — The tumor at the top of the vagina. Figure 3. — The tumor at the left side of vagina. Figure 4. — The bipolar electric loop is used to remove the tumor.

[2] Malempati S, Hawkins DS: Rhabdomyosarcoma: review of the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Committee experience and rationale for current COG studies. Pediatr.Blood. Cancer. 2012, 59. 5-10.

[3] Leaphart C, Rodeberg D: Pediatric surgical oncology: management of rhabdomyosarcoma. Surg. Oncol. 2007, 16, 173-185.

[4] Daya H, Chan HS, Sirkin W, Forte V: Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck: is there a place for surgical management? Arch. Otolaryngol. Head. Neck. Surg. 2000, 126, 468-472.

[5] Maurer HM, Gehan EA, Beltangady M, ,Crist W, Dickman PS, Donaldson SS, Fryer C, Hammond D, Hays DM, Herrmann J, et al.: The Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study-II. Cancer. 1993, 71, 1904-1922.

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