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Uterine lipoleiomyoma: a benign entity with malignant transformation potential?

  • Yunzhe Wan1,†
  • Xiang Zhang2,†
  • Yue Sun1
  • Linping Wang3
  • Guoyan Liu1,*,

1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, 300052 Tianjin, China

2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology, 471003 Luoyang, Henan, China

3Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Zhejiang Hospital, 310030 Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo4302042 Vol.43,Issue 2,April 2022 pp.363-367

Submitted: 09 January 2021 Accepted: 23 February 2021

Published: 15 April 2022

*Corresponding Author(s): Guoyan Liu E-mail: liuguoyan211@126.com

† These authors contributed equally.

Abstract

Background: Uterine lipoleiomyoma is a rare lipomatous variant of uterine leiomyoma composed of a variable mixture of mature smooth muscle cells and adipocytes, typically found in peri or postmenopausal women. Malignancies arising from the tumor have rarely been reported though it is considered benign. Cases: We present three cases of uterine lipoleiomyoma and review literature to explore its etiology, characteristics, diagnosis and malignant transformation potential. Conclusion: Imaging examinations especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play an important role in preoperative diagnosis. For large size and rapid growth of lipoleiomyoma, malignant transformation potential should be considered and surgery is required. Follow-up is still necessary.


Keywords

Differential diagnosis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Malignancy; Ultrasound; Uterine lipoleiomyoma

Cite and Share

Yunzhe Wan,Xiang Zhang,Yue Sun,Linping Wang,Guoyan Liu. Uterine lipoleiomyoma: a benign entity with malignant transformation potential?. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology. 2022. 43(2);363-367.

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